In 2013, the Cape Verdean Ministry of Health pointed to hypertension as the main cause of death in Cape Verde, with the illness affecting 35% of those aged between 25 and 64 in the country.
Africa’s least-affected countries are Seychelles, Mauritius, Libya, Tunisia and Gabon. Among risk factors, according to the WHO, are African descent, a family history of hypertension, consumption of salt, obesity, alcohol consumption, age, high cholesterol, a sedentary lifestyle, tobacco use and the consumption of oral contraceptive medication.
In a change from previous indices, African women now appear to suffer from high blood pressure more than men. The illness, which causes most sudden deaths in the continent, is more common among Africans 18 years of age and over. The malady affects 29.5% of African women, as opposed to 20.5% of women worldwide.
Hypertension was previously considered to be an illness typical of Western societies, in which people resort to fat-rich fast food restaurants for nourishment more often.